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Boerhaave syndrome vs mallory weiss

Get Info About a Treatment Option That May Help Reduce Oral Ulcers in Behcet's Disease. Access Patient Information and View Helpful Resources on Behcet's Disease Reduce a Diagnosis Delay By Raising Awareness. Info On Behcet's Disease. HCPs: Register To Get More Information and Get Professional Resources for Your Patients Boerhaave's syndrome. Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Site : Lower thoracic oesophagus. Site: Vertical tear in cardia of stomach , may extend to distal oesophagus. There is vertical perforation, and all gastric content goes into mediastinum. No history of foreign body. Mackler's triad may be seen : Chest pain, vomiting and Bottom Line - Mallory Weiss vs Boerhaave Syndrome Mallory-Weiss syndrome is a tear in the tissue where the stomach and esophagus meet. The tear is prone to bleeding and accounts for about 5 percent of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The hemorrhage is typically self-limited, ceasing spontaneously in approximately 90 percent of suferrers Key features of Boerhaave syndrome The classic presentation is an episode of retching or vomiting followed by severe retrosternal pain and/or epigastric pain. So, it is important to distinguish Mallory Weiss tear vs Boerhaave syndrome History of alcohol intake is obtained in 40% of patients

Enjoy and learn!This channel is for educational purposes only! You can donate via Venmo or Cash App to support this channel (thanks!): Venmo: @MyMessyNotesCa.. The location of the lesion in the lower esophagus or cardia and the longitudinal appearance of the lesion whether it is panmural as in Boerhaave's syndrome or purely mucosal or even submucosal as in the Mallory-Weiss syndrome, are other arguments in favor of grouping these two syndromes [ 7 ] mallory-weiss and Boerhaave both can be caused by forceful vomiting for whatever reason, the difference is that in mallory-weiss the tear is mucosal and patient present with upper gi bleed. and in Boerhaave's esophagus is perforated through all layers, which basically leads to mediastinitis, which is potentially lethal, and manifests with very. Boerhaave syndrome, a transmural perforation of the esophagus, should be distinguished from Mallory-Weiss syndrome, a nontransmural esophageal tear that is also associated with vomiting. Because it..

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In case of Boerhaave syndrome, the tear in the esophagus affects all tissue layers. The perforation causes the content of esophagus and the stomach to freely low in the chest cavity. Mallory-Weiss syndrome is longitudinal tears in the mucosa of esophagus. It is characterized by bleeding and vomiting of the blood Start studying Mallory-Weiss Tears, Boerhaave Syndrome, and Esophageal Varices. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Mallory-Weiss syndrome is characterized by longitudinal mucosal lacerations (intramural dissection) in the distal esophagus and proximal stomach, which are usually associated with forceful retching [ 1 ]. The lacerations often lead to bleeding from submucosal arteries Boerhaave syndrome refers to an esophageal rupture secondary to forceful vomiting and retching. Epidemiology It tends to be more prevalent in males, with alcoholism a risk factor. The estimated incidence is ~ 1:6000. Clinical presentation The.. Mallory-Weiss syndrome refers to acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by mucous membrane lacerations at the gastroesophageal junction, although it may extend above or below. Forceful vomiting in the presence of a damaged gastric mucous membrane, often related to alcoholism, is a common cause of Mallory-Weiss syndrome

For more such videos by India's Best Pathology Faculty, Dr Sparsh Gupta, Download the app-. A related condition is Mallory-Weiss syndrome which is only a mucosal tear. In case of iatrogenic perforation common site is cervical esophagus just above the upper sphincter whereas spontaneous rupture as seen in Boerhaave's syndrome perforation commonly occurs in the lower one-third of esophagus Boerhaave's syndrome (acute rupture of the esophagus) is a catastrophic event that is sometimes considered to be a complication of Mallory-Weiss lacerations. However, patients with Boerhaave's syndrome do not typically present with severe acute GI bleeding. 1

Boerhaave syndrome is a transmural perforation of the esophagus to be distinguished from Mallory-Weiss syndrome, a nontransmural esophageal tear also associated with vomiting. It typically occurs after forceful emesis. Mallory-Weiss syndrome is characterized by upper gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to longitudinal mucosal lacerations at the gastroesophageal junction or gastric cardia. Mallory-Weiss syndrome refers to a tear or laceration of the mucous membrane, most commonly at the point where the esophagus and the stomach meet (gastroesophageal junction). Such a tear may result in severe bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract. The immediate cause of the lesion is usually a protracted period of vomiting

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Background: Mallory-Weiss syndrome is defined by upper gastrointestinal bleeding from vomiting-induced mucosal lacerations at the esophago-gastric junction. This study was purposed to investigate the incidence, location, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and effectiveness of treatment (including endoscopic treatment and conservative medical treatment) of Mallory-Weiss syndrome in China Spontaneous esophageal rupture (Boerhaave syndrome) is a rare, though frequently fatal, event. It is generally caused by a sudden increase in pressure inside the esophagus. In some cases, full-thickness perforations of the esophagus may develop from previous lesions that initially involve only the esophageal mucosa (Mallory-Weiss syndrome) and.

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  1. Mallory-Weiss Syndrome Esophageal Varices Esophagitis perform in patients with features concerning for Boerhaave syndrome and who a diagnosis cannot be made on contrast esophagram or the perforation is suspected to be difficult to find; Studies
  2. Mallory-Weiss syndrome or gastro-esophageal laceration syndrome refers to bleeding from a laceration in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus.This is usually caused by severe vomiting because of alcoholism or bulimia, but can be caused by any condition which causes violent vomiting and retching such as food poisoning. The syndrome presents with hematemesis
  3. al esophageal pressure, such as forceful or recurrent retching, vomiting, coughing, or straining
  4. Boerhaave Syndrome. A 19-year-old college student presents to the emergency department with excruciating retrosternal chest pain that radiates to the back. She describes the pain as sharp and worsens with swallowing. She reports that her symptoms began after vomiting 1 hour ago. Medical history is significant for anorexia nervosa
  5. al pressure tear the esophageal lining at the adjoin part of the stomach. The different predisposing factors include hiatal hernia, severe traumatic injury to the abdomen or chest.
  6. al or chest pain, and subcutaneous emphysema is absent in many patients. Management is multidisciplinary and relies on rapid, distinct, and repeated imaging
  7. Boerhaave syndrome refers to an oesophageal rupture secondary to forceful vomiting and retching. Epidemiology It tends to be more prevalent in males, with alcoholism a risk factor. The estimated incidence is ~ 1:6000. Clinical presentation Th..

GI VIII: Esophagus= Esophagitis, motility disorders, mallory-Weiss tears, stricture, varicies, GERD, Gastritis, PUD, eso /gastric neoplasms; boerhaave syndrome Jagminas L, Silverman RA. Boerhaave's syndrome presenting with abdominal pain and right hydropneumothorax. Am J Emerg Med. 1996 Jan. 14(1):53-6. . Janjua KJ. Boerhaave's syndrome. Postgrad Med J. 1997 May. 73(859):265-70. . Jenkins IR, Raymond R. Boerhaave's syndrome complicated by a large bronchopleural fistula Learn about a potential oral alternative therapy. FDA-approved. Find out about patient support and assistance Mallory Weiss syndrome, however is a longitudinal esophageal tear that does not extend beyond the mucosa, whereas Boerhaave is a full thickness perforation. Mallory Weiss syndrome is always associated with hematemesis, a strong distinction from Boerhaave syndrome, which rarely has associated hematemesis. 10. Evaluatio Boerhaave syndrome is a transmural perforation of the esophagus to be distinguished from Mallory-Weiss syndrome, a nontransmural esophageal tear also associated with vomiting. print Relate

Mallory Weiss syndrome should be differentiated from other causes of upper GI bleeding; Boerhaave syndrome: A severe condition that shares the same predisposing factors with Mallory-Weiss syndrome, but the pathology is perforation of the esophagus; Peptic ulcer: A peptic ulcer is the most frequent cause of upper GI bleeding. It has its. A Mallory-Weiss tear is a longitudinal mucosal laceration observed in the distal esophagus or across the gastroesophageal junction. Its pathogenesis is similar to that of Boerhaave syndrome: Both occur in the setting of retching or vomiting, frequently after excessive alcohol consumption; they also may occur as a complication of endoscopy ( , 16 ) Boerhaave syndrome is a transmural or full-thickness perforation of the esophagus, distinct from Mallory-Weiss syndrome, a nontransmural esophageal tear also associated with vomiting. These syndromes are distinct from iatrogenic perforation, which accounts for 85-90% of cases of esophageal rupture, typically as a complication of an endoscopic.

Differential diagnosis consisted of esophageal varies vs Boerhaave Syndrome vs Mallory Weiss Tear vs Gastric Ulcer Differential for cause of her portal vein thrombosis consist of hyper coagulable state (such as prothrombotic condition, malignancy, etc), liver cirrhosis or local infection/inflammation to the portal vein area A Mallory-Weiss tear is a tear of the tissue of your lower esophagus. It is most often caused by violent coughing or vomiting. A Mallory-Weiss tear can be diagnosed and treated during an endoscopic procedure. If the tear is not treated, it can lead to anemia, fatigue, shortness of breath, and even shock Boerhaave's syndrome (BS) consists of a spontaneous longitudinal transmural rupture of the oesophagus, usually in its distal part. It generally develops during or after persistent vomiting as a consequence of a sudden increase in intraluminal pressure in the oesophagus. It is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition Mallory-Weiss syndrome (MWS) is a condition marked by a tear in the mucous membrane, or inner lining, where the esophagus meets the stomach. Most tears heal within 7 to 10 days without treatment.

Boerhaave's syndrome vs Mallory-Weiss syndrom

Mallory Weiss vs Boerhaave Syndrome - Symptoms, Treatment

• Mallory Weiss tears- rare rupture (Boerhaave syndrome) with BN • Stomach: • Gastroparesis vs Functional dyspepsia • Impaired fundus accommodation vs antral hypomotility • Gastric bezoar • Muscle atrophy • Autonomic dysfunctio Boerhaave's syndrome vs Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Boerhaave's syndrome. Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Site : Lower thoracic oesophagus. Site: Vertical tear in cardia of stomach , may extend to distal oesophagus. There is vertical perforation, and all gastric content goes into mediastinum Distinguishing Mallory-Weiss syndrome from Boerhaave syndrome is critical. Although both entities share a common pathogenesis, their management is completely different. Boerhaave syndrome. syndrome and also offers the possibility to distinguish Boerhaave syndrome from Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Keywords: Boerhaave syndrome, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, Chest pain, Vomiting, Hematemesis Background Boerhaave syndrome was first reported by Hermann Boer-haave in 1724 as a case of esophageal rupture caused by vomiting after a large meal [1]

Mallory Weiss tear vs Boerhaave syndrome USML

contents and various degrees of injury.1 The syndrome is named after Herman Boerhaave, a Dutch physician, who first described it in 1724. Incidence of spontaneous rupture amongst all oesophageal ruptures varies between 15-38%.2,3 Mallory-Weiss tears are assumed to represen Mallory Weiss vs Boerhaave Syndrome - Symptoms, Treatment . Boerhaave syndrome is a rare disease, affecting approximately 1 in 6 000 patients.[2] This spontaneous rupture typically occurs in the lower third of the esophagus and accounts for approximately 15% of all cases of esophageal perforation Boerhaave syndrome is one of the most lethal gastrointestinal tract disorders, with mortality rates up to 40%. Symptoms may vary, and diagnosis can be challenging. Also, several factors, including difficulty assessing the esophagus and the unusual blood supply of the organ, contribute to the condition's high morbidity

Mallory-Weiss syndrome vs Boerhaave Syndrome - YouTub

Mallory-Weiss syndrome can happen at any age, but it is most common between 40 to 60 years. The following can also increase your risk: Large amounts of alcohol, or severe liver disease. Coughing, hiccups, or straining to have a bowel movement. Seizures, a hiatal hernia, or esophagitis or gastritis (inflammation in your esophagus or stomach Mallory-Weiss tear (MWT), also known as Mallory-Weiss syndrome (MWS), is characterized by a tear or laceration often along the right border of, or near, the gastroesophageal junction. Patients present with nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The hemorrhage is usually self-limited, ceasing spontaneously in 80% to 90% of patients Compared with Mallory-Weiss syndrome, Boerhaave syndrome is rarely manifested through hematemesis or other signs of gastrointestinal bleeding, including melena. 1, 3, 6, 10, 11 In Boerhaave syndrome, the rupture is transmural, which leads to esophageal perforation. In our patient, hematemesis was the chief complaint Boerhaave syndrome, a transmural perforation of the esophagus, should be distinguished from Mallory-Weiss syndrome, a nontransmural esophageal tear that is also associated with vomiting. Because it is oft..

What is the relationship between the Mallory-Weiss

Boerhaave's syndrome or spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus Boerhaave's syndrome or spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus Marinis, A.; Rizos, S. 2012-02-16 00:00:00 condition of the patient. Otherwise, the patient is Spontaneous perforation of the oesophagus, also virtually condemned to die. called Boerhaave's syndrome, is a barogenic rupture caused by a sudden rise in. Esophageal Ruptures. Esophageal ruptures are tears that penetrate the wall of the esophagus. Ruptures can be caused by surgical procedures, severe vomiting, or swallowing a large piece of food that becomes stuck in the esophagus, but some ruptures occur spontaneously. Symptoms include chest and abdominal pain, fever, and low blood pressure

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Boerhaave syndrome, a spontaneous esophageal rupture secondary to forceful vomiting and retching, accounts for about 15% of the cases 6). Foreign-body ingestion accounts for 12% of the cases, trauma 9%, operative injury 2%, tumors 1%, and other causes 2% 7). Esophageal perforation occurs in 3 in 100,000 people in the United States INTRODUCTION. Mallory-Weiss tearing (MWT) is characterized by linear, non-perforating mucosal laceration at the lower part of the esophagus and/or upper part of the stomach. Mallory and Weiss first described MWT in 15 alcoholic patients with retching and vomiting in 1929. 1 MWT rarely occurs after retching during endoscopic examination. It is a. Mallory-Weiss Syndrome Longitudinal laceration of mucosa at GE junciton. Caused by severe vomiting (alcoholics and bulimia) Presents w/ painful hematemesis. Risk for Boerhaave syndrome - rupture of esophagus leading to air in mediastinum causing subcutaneous emphysema (crackling upon pressing --> Hammond's sign). 1 Mallory-Weiss syndrome or gastro-esophageal laceration syndrome refers to bleeding from a laceration in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus. This is usually caused by severe vomiting because of alcoholism or bulimia, but can be caused by any condition which causes violent vomiting and retching such as food poisoning. The syndrome presents with hematemesis. The laceration. The tear involves the mucosa and submucosa but not the muscular layer (contrast to Boerhaave syndrome which involves all the layers). The mean age is more than 60 and 80% are men. Hyperemesis gravidarum, which is severe morning sickness associated with vomiting and retching in pregnancy, is also a known cause of Mallory-Weiss tear

Boerhaave syndrome, or spontaneous esophageal rupture, is a rare but serious condition, with a mortality rate ranging from 25% to 89%. If treatment is instituted within 24 hours of the appearance of symptoms, the mortality rates are 25%; however, mortality rates rise to greater than 65% after 24 hours without treatment and 75-89% after 48 hours. April 17, 2020. Myasthenic crisis is a serious condition, occurring as a complication, affecting greater than 20 % of patients with myasthenia gravis. Myasthenic crisis vs cholinergic crisis can be differentiated clinically using an edrophonium test. The administration of edrophonium will improve the clinical symptom of the myasthenic crisis Turner AR, Turner SD. Boerhaave Syndrome. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing 2020. Spapen J, De Regt J, Nieboer K, Verfaillie G, Honoré PM, Spapen H. Boerhaave's Syndrome: Still a Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge in the 21st Century. Case Rep Crit Care 2013; 2013: 161286. doi: 10.1155/2013/161286

Etiology 1. Instrumentation: involves upper esophagus a. Esophagoscopy b. Dilatation of esophageal stricture 2. Severe vomiting (alcoholic): lower esophagus a. Superficial mucosal tear = Mallory Weiss tear b. esophageal perforation = Boerhaave syndrome 3. ed esophageal lumen pressure: childbirth, forced cough, defecation, seizure, weight liftin Plummer-Vinson Syndrome. A 58-year-old woman with iron deficiency anemia presents to her primary care physician complaining of difficulty swallowing. She reports no difficulties with liquids. On exam, she is pale and has spoon-shaped fingernails. Dysphagia is evaluated by upper endoscopy which reveals a thin web-like tissue in the upper esophagus Here is a list of Must know Topics for your PLAB 1 Preparation. This list is prepared after scrutinizing the questions and patterns of various Q banks and Mocks. It will help you in your revision days before the examination When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. Touch device users, explore by touch or with swipe gestures

Pterygium vs. Pinguecula — Medcomic. August 2021. Pterygium is a fleshy triangular mass that extends to the cornea. Article by Emily Austin. 290. Nursing Tips Nursing Notes Nursing Programs Optometry School Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Med Surg Nursing Pa Life Lpn To Rn Medicine Notes tion, Boerhaave's syndrome, or Mallory-Weiss S. Levine et al. 682 AJR:189, September 2007 09_07_2342_Levine.fm — 7/27/07 tear have been reported as a sequela of compet-itive speed eating. On the other hand, we know of no studies on the short- or long-term effects of speed eating on its competitors. Nor ar This is contrasted with the more common and more benign Mallory-Weiss tear, Boerhaave's syndrome: The importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Ann Surg. 1976;183(4):401—408. 19. Boerhaave's syndrome is a barogenic rupture caused by a sudden rise in intraluminal pressure, usually in the distal 3-6 cm of the oesophagus. It is described more commonly in males than females at a ratio of 4:1 with a median age of 64 years [2]. This syndrome generally occurs in the absence of pre

Boerhaave Syndrome: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiolog

Síndrome de Boerhaave, neumomediasti-no, perforación esofágica, tríada de Mackler. Boerhaave Syndrome. Case report and bibliographical review Summary The esophageal perforation is a well-documented clinical entity, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Although the etiology is usually iatrogenic, it can occur spontaneousl Boerhaave's Syndrome. Boerhaave's syndrome is a spontaneous full-thickness rupture of the esophagus classically described as a sudden onset of severe chest, upper abdominal, or back pain following forceful or repetitive vomiting, but may also occur prior to vomiting in 14% of cases or without vomiting (but with coughing, straining) in another. varices, Mallory-Weiss tear, esophageal rupture, Boerhaave syndrome (suprasternal notch crepitus), foreign body (child), esophagitis (corrosive ingestion), GERD, cancer (dysphagia) Stomach ddx PUD, gastritis, stomach cance

This is known as Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Bright red blood in your vomit is a symptom of this syndrome. This is called Boerhaave syndrome. It's an emergency and needs immediate surgery Lastly, there are a few documented cases of esophageal rupture (Boerhaave syndrome) in patients with EDs and purging. 49,50 Patients may present with vomiting, chest pain, shortness of breath, and subcutaneous emphysema. 49,51 Although rare, Boerhaave syndrome is associated with a high mortality rate and must be diagnosed quickly for rapid.

PPT - Boerhaave’s Syndrome PowerPoint Presentation - IDC:FakepathGi Part 1 Revised

Mallory-Weiss Tear (MWT) accounts for 3% to 15% of people with upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleed. Commonly presents with hematemesis after an episode of forceful or recurrent retching, vomiting, coughing, or straining. Definitive diagnosis is usually made by esophagogastroduodenoscopy. MWT is mos.. Das Mallory-Weiss-Syndrom (MWS) ist ein Zustand, der durch eine Träne in der Schleimhaut oder der inneren Auskleidung gekennzeichnet ist, wobei die Speiseröhre auf den Magen trifft. Die meisten Tränen heilen innerhalb von 7 bis 10 Tagen ohne Behandlung, aber Mallory-Weiss-Tränen können erhebliche Blutungen verursachen A Mallory-Weiss tear occurs in the mucus membrane of the lower part of the esophagus or upper part of the stomach, near where they join. The tear may bleed. Causes. Mallory-Weiss tears are most often caused by forceful or long-term vomiting or coughing Mallory-Weiss syndrome: a tear in the lining of the stomach just above the esophagus caused by violent retching or vomiting; Coagulation disorders: characterized by a decreased ability to form a clot; Esophageal cancer: progressive dysphagia to solid foods along with weight loss, reflux, and hematemesi rupture [Boerhaave syndrome, first reported in 1724 (1,2)], is a life-threatening disease. Early diagnosis and treatment is needed for good outcome of the disease (3-5). However, the initial diagnostic accuracy rate for spontaneous esophageal rupture is reported to be approximately 30%. Moreover, the mortality rate is 20% to 40% due to sever

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Boerhaave's syndrome. Answer d. Boerhaave's syndrome. The most common cause of esophageal perforation is iatrogenic or secondary to endoscopy. The term Boerhaave's syndrome is reserved for perforations that are spontaneous and caused by vomiting. Other causes include pill esophagitis, caustic ingestions, and infectious ulcers in patients. Violent vomiting can cause partial thickness tear (Mallory-Weiss syndrome) or full thickness tear of the esophagus (Boerhaave syndrome), which are especially common in chronic alcoholics and after overeating in individuals with eating disorders (bulimia). Symptoms include severe lower chest or upper abdominal pain and vomiting blood (9) Mallory-Weiss Tear (Syndrome)• Severe/forced vomiting.• Longitudinal mucosaltear.• Chronic Alcoholics,• Over eating• Hiatal hernia in 75%.• Spontaneous healing.• Boerhaave syndrome -with rupture (Pacific Islands) 19. Esophageal Varices:• Dilated veins - lower part. Boerhaave syndrome, a rupture in the esophageal wall due to vomiting; Oral trauma, in which repetitive insertion of fingers or other objects causes lacerations to the lining of the mouth or throat; Gastroparesis or delayed emptying; Constipation; Mallory-Weiss tears; Infertility; Enlarged glands in the neck, under the jaw line; Peptic ulcer Esophageal injury: Mallory-Weiss tear, Boerhaave syndrome; Aspiration; Key Historical Findings Duration of vomiting Acute: Episodic and occurring for <1 week. Suggestive of obstructive, toxic/metabolic, infectious, ischemic or neurologic process. Chronic: Episodic and occurring for >1 month

Video: Boerhaave Syndrome - Treatment, Symptoms, Prognosis, Cause

- Mallory Weiss - Boerhaave's Syndrome - Esophageal Varices We will be discussing the presentation of Upper GI bleeding, as well as the full management. This Video Algorithm is going to discuss Upper GI Bleeding. Topics included: - Mallory Weiss - Boerhaave's Syndrome Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Mallory-Weiss syndrome refers to a laceration in the mucosa, most commonly at the gastroesophageal junction. The incidence of bleeding as a result of Mallory-Weiss syndrome is reported as 3-11% among cases of upper GI bleeding. 139, 140

Sindrome de Boerhaave - Maria PasquelBoerhaave&#39;s syndrome: Thoracolaparoscopic approach Vaidya

Mallory-Weiss syndrome or gastro-esophageal laceration syndrome refers to bleeding from a laceration in the mucosa at the junction of the stomach and esophagus. ( wikipedia.org) Boerhaave syndrome - Full thickness esophageal ruptures also often secondary to vomiting/retching. ( wikipedia.org Mallory-Weiss tears Due to forceful retching/vomiting. This is a 1-4 cm tear through the mucosa and submucosa. It may occur in the stomach and at the GE junction; Mild, self-limited bleeding - very rarely does it result in severe bleeding; Boerhaave's syndrome Perforation of ALL layers of the esophagus due to forceful vomiting Acute <1 week vs Chronic >1 month Stable vs Unstable: Hemodynamic stability, Level of consciousness, Neurologic assessment, Vital signs Sequela of vomiting: Hypovolemia, Metabolic alkalosis, Hypokalemia, Mallory-Weiss, Boerhaave's syndrome, Aspiratio A patient with Mallory-Weiss syndrome is at risk for what? Boerhaave syndrome. What could be seen in Boerhaave syndrome? Subcutaneous emphysema. Air bubbles are beneath the skin, especially in the region of the neck. Pushing in them makes a crackling sound. What are esophageal varices?.