Home

Brain lesions MS

Huge Selection on Second Hand Books. Low Prices & Free Delivery. Start Shopping! World of Books is one of the largest online sellers of second-hand books in the worl Brain lesions in multiple sclerosis are caused by an abnormal immune system response. Lesions in the central nervous system cause different symptoms, depending upon their location, size, and severity. Disease-modifying medications and lifestyle changes can help prevent multiple sclerosis brain lesions from forming or worsening Symptoms of MS brain lesions When lesions develop on your brain or spinal cord, they can disrupt the movement of signals along your nerves. This can cause a variety of symptoms. For example,.. Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a disease where brain lesions are located in multiple sites of the brain. Those suffering from MS have significant problems with motor and sensory functions. Lupus, an autoimmune disease, affects almost all systems of the body ranging from skin to heart, liver, muscles and brain Multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions can occur throughout the central nervous system (CNS) and can lead to MS symptoms and relapses. MS can also impact the volume of brain matter, which is important to understand if you're living with the disease

MRI is an important diagnostic tool for multiple sclerosis because it produces images of lesions in the brain and spinal cord. These lesions can appear as the condition progresses, and they may.. An average number of lesions on the initial brain MRI is between 10 and 15. However, even a few lesions are considered significant because even this small number of spots allows us to predict a..

The Radiology Assistant : Multiple Sclerosis - Diagnosis

A lesion is an area of tissue that has been damaged through injury or disease. So a brain lesion is an area of injury or disease within the brain. While the definition sounds simple, understanding.. While spinal and brain lesions can suggest MS, the appearance of spinal lesions can also indicate another disease called neuromyelitis optica (NMO). NMO has many overlapping symptoms with MS. Both..

Brain lesions in general are a sign of damage to the brain, such as physical trauma, a stroke, normal aging, or chronic disease. Patients with MS receive MRI scans as part of their routine care so.. Transverse myelitis can appear as the first symptom in conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS) or neuromyelitis optica (NMO). A person with transverse myelitis who also has an abnormal brain MRI with more than two lesions has an increased chance (as high as 90 percent) of going on to develop MS According to Rethink MS Relapses, brain lesions that are a result of MS are hallmarks of MS. They are areas of damage that occur to tissue as a result of some sort of trauma. In this case, the lesions occur as a result of trauma induced by multiple sclerosis, which causes the immune system to mistakenly attack an area of the body When you have the autoimmune disorder multiple sclerosis (MS), lesions on your brain are part of the package—in fact, the word sclerosis means scarring, and scarring is just another way of..

Find Symptoms of ms brain lesions - Search for Symptoms of ms brain lesion

MS is a chronic disease that damages the nerves in the spinal cord and brain, as well as the optic nerves. Sclerosis means scarring, and people with MS develop multiple areas of scar tissue in.. Discrete lesions in the inferior temporal lobe, on the other hand, are common in MS and rare in microvascular disease. Thus, inferior temporal lobe lesions are included, and subcortical and basal ganglia lesions, despite their ubiquity in MS, are not. Similarly, only brainstem lesions that border CSF space are included

hqdefault

Free Delivery · Lowest Prices Online · Millions Of Books · Huge Rang

  1. B12 deficiency), while.
  2. Disease activity — including both relapse rates and the appearance of brain lesions — was higher in lesion-led MS than in the other subtypes. The researchers also demonstrated that the..
  3. But during active inflammation within the brain or spinal cord, as during an MS relapse, the blood-brain barrier is disrupted, allowing gadolinium to pass through. Gadolinium can then enter the brain or spinal cord and leak into an MS lesion, lighting it up, and creating a highlighted spot on an MRI. 1 
  4. Posts: 476. #4. 05-29-2012, 05:18 PM. Yes, my neuro said that spinal lesions cause problems with walking, while more brain lesions cause more cognitive problems. Dx 12/2006; first symptoms about 1984, but maybe earlier--on Gilenya and Ampyra. God has a lot of explaining to do--Frida Kahlo. Comment
  5. A brain lesion is an abnormality seen on a brain-imaging test, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT). On CT or MRI scans, brain lesions appear as dark or light spots that don't look like normal brain tissue. Usually, a brain lesion is an incidental finding unrelated to the condition or symptom that led to the.

Buy Lesions of Breast - A Review By Gunvanti Ratho

Brain Lesions in MS: What You Must Know MyMSTea

Relapsing forms of MS (including relapsing-remitting MS, and secondary progressive in those individuals who continue to experience relapses) are defined by inflammatory attacks on myelin. PPMS involves much less inflammation of the type seen in relapsing MS. As a result, people with PPMS tend to have fewer brain lesions (also called plaques. My Plant-Based Life With MS - Goodbye Brain Lesions, Vertigo, and Eczema. By Center for Nutrition Studies. January 22, 2020. A full decade before I was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) in 2003, I was dealing with severe eczema. Though eczema is officially unrelated to MS, I believe it was the introductory performance of inflammation.

MS Brain Lesions: Pictures, Symptoms, and Mor

  1. Frontal Lobe Lesions. Last Updated on Mon, 28 Jun 2021 | Multiple Sclerosis. The frontal lobe includes the motor cortex (areas 4, 6, 8, 44), the prefrontal cortex (areas 9-12 and 45-47), and the cingulate gyrus (p. 144). It is responsible for the planning, monitoring, and performance of motor, cognitive, and emotional functions (executive.
  2. The original question, does lesions always mean MS- was more geared to only having one or two, I believe. Lesions are scar tissue, they can be caused by severe head trauma, a prior infection (usually of the brain) or other things- they DONT always mean MS, however having 9 of them is really unusual unless it is MS
  3. Hi Jen, I've had various MRI's, ultimately I was diagnosed with MS. None of my brain MRI's ever had any clear evidence of lesions. The MRI's of my upper spine however, eventually showed a whole series of lesions, coiling round the top third of my spinal cord. I also had a lumbar puncture done, which also gave a positive result
  4. ory doctor. I followed-up with him yesterday and he wants to do a sleep study
  5. Though the vast majority of MS patients have abnormalities on brain MRI, an estimated 5% of patients have normal imaging. 1 Alternatively, there may be white matter lesions that might be seen.

Brain lesions in general are a sign of damage to the brain, such as physical trauma, a stroke, normal aging or chronic disease. Patients with MS receive MRI scans as part of their routine care so that doctors can track the appearance of new lesions and the enlargement of existing ones, typically seen as indicators of disease progression A single lesion and I was told that this was also considered Probable MS. A 33% chance that I would have another attack. 3 years later another attack did show lesions on my brain and now have an official MS diagnosis Lesions on the spine and in the brain indicate damage to the myelin that protects nerve cells. This is a sign of MS. One function of myelin is to help the nerves send impulses The lesion location in an MS patient can affect depressive symptoms, as patients with brain lesions are more likely to experience depression compared to patients with spinal cord lesions. Furthermore, lesions in the temporal lobe elevate a patient's likelihood of experiencing depression compared to lesions in other areas of the brain

Brain Lesions: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

  1. If you have migraine or MS, it may show brain lesions called white matter lesions or T2 hyperintensities, although the pattern is usually different in each. This is why these lesions need to be interpreted carefully on an MRI and considered along with your symptoms. Verywellhealth
  2. In the case of brain lesions the affected tissues are the several parts of brain. There is a long list of autoimmune diseases that might cause brain lesions a few of them include: Multiple sclerosis - As the name shows this disease contains brain lesions in multiple sites of the brain. The individual has significantly impaired motor and sensory.
  3. 3 Key Factors to Consider. Worldwide, multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most prevalent chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS). 1,2 MS causes early, permanent neurological damage that can lead to the development of scars, called lesions, on nerve tissues throughout the CNS. 1 When lesions form, a sudden attack of symptoms can follow, known as a relapse. 1 In relapsing.
  4. ated dairy, sugar, alcohol, gluten and corn. I also took an antifungal drug for two years, and then switched to an herbal formula

Usually not: The typical ms lesions, especially early in the course of the disease, do not show on a standard ct scan, but are very clearly seen on an MRI of the brain. ( magnetic resonance image). 5k views Reviewed >2 years ag We recently characterized and microdissected 73 lesions from brain of 10 patients progressive MS covering different lesion types: normal-appearing white matter (NAWM), active, chronic active.

Learn What Brain Matter Lesions Mean for M

Depression is associated with decreased neurologic function and new brain lesions in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), new research suggests. In an observational study of more than 2500. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a relatively common acquired chronic relapsing demyelinating disease involving the central nervous system, and is the second most common cause of neurological impairment in young adults, after trauma 19.Characteristically, and by definition, multiple sclerosis is disseminated not only in space (i.e. multiple lesions in different regions of the brain) but also in time. Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) refers to any type of abnormal tissue in or on brain tissue. Major types of brain lesions are traumatic, infectious, malignant, benign, vascular, genetic, immune, plaques, brain cell death or malfunction, and ionizing radiation.Other chemicals and toxins have been associated with brain lesions as well MRI white matter lesions Many times I get consulted by patients or their relatives when their MRI brain report reads multiple scattered white matter lesions seen. The radiologist's report usually further reads that these can be seen in primary demyelinating conditions like multiple sclerosis or in vascular disorders. Patient's and caregivers are naturally worried when the The fact that these lesions are present in patients who are receiving anti-inflammatory drugs that quiet the body's immune system also suggests that the field of MS research may want to focus on new treatments that target the brain's unique immune system - especially a type of brain cell called microglia

MS brain lesions: Pictures and prognosis - Medical News Toda

  1. The authors investigated the relationship between depression and involvement of specific brain areas in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. 20 MS patients (10 depressed and 10 non-depressed) were evaluated. The emotional state was assessed by several neuropsychological tests, and all of the patients u
  2. MRI of the brain and full spinal cord at 1.5T was analyzed to define patients having: 1. brain only, 2. spinal cord only, or 3. brain and spinal cord MS lesions. Results: Lesions in the brain only were less common in PP (n = 1, 2.5% of people) than RR (n = 10, 25%) (Fisher's exact p = 0.007)
  3. On a per-lesion basis, less than 1% of new or enlarged lesions were overlooked when only nonenhanced sequences were analyzed. Thus, our data do not support the notion that the use of contrast material results in higher sensitivity for the detection of new or enlarged lesions in MS compared with unenhanced MRI at 3.0 T
  4. Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects more than 2 million people worldwide. It's caused by the immune system attacking the protective coating around nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. MS can affect each person differently. Initial symptoms may include blurred or double vision and problems with muscle strength, balance, and coordination

Lesions in the brain cerebrum can compromise attention, learning, and memory. Cerebellum lesions can weaken balance and coordination. Brainstem lesions can cause double vision, facial numbness and. The study also found a link between eating more full-fat dairy products and fewer MS brain lesions. Eating omega-3 fatty acids from fish also had brain benefits. The MIND diet combines aspects of the Mediterranean diet and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet I was diagnosed with ms in 2004, they never found specific lesions in my brain, but found a very large series of them wrapped around my cervical spinal cord area, which increased (over time and space). My neurologist told me that he suspected that I allso had very small lesions in my brain that weren't detectable

People who smoke and have multiple sclerosis (MS) may be at increased risk of brain shrinkage and increased brain lesions related to the disease, according to a study published in the August 18. When spinal cord lesions are present, the length of the lesion can be a useful distinguisher but long lesions can also occur in MS,3 and short lesions in NMOSD.4 Similarly, although it is now accepted that the brain MRI is often abnormal in NMOSD and may have characteristic features that differ from MS,5 the Barkhof criteria for MS are. Areas of new, active inflammation in the brain become white on T1 scans with contrast. The contrast that goes into your vein for the MRI seeps out of leaky blood vessels in the brain where there is active inflammation. The spots (called lesions) on the scan are areas of active inflammation. Generally, the lesions remain bright for only 1-2 months MS brain lesions. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a nervous system disease that affects your brain and spinal cord. Multiple sclerosis damages the myelin sheath, the material that surrounds and protects your nerve cells. This damage slows down or blocks messages between your brain and your body, leading to the symptoms of MS. They can includ

Are Brain Lesions an Indication of Multiple Sclerosis (MS

Migraine and Brain Lesions. Published: May 9, 2018. Dispelling common misconceptions about the lasting effect of migraine on the brain. The intensity of a migraine attack can be so severe, people with migraine sometimes question whether their headaches may be causing permanent damage MS is a disease in which the immune system attacks the body's central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord. This can lead to vision problems, numbness and a host of other symptoms.

MRI in the evaluation of pediatric multiple sclerosisBrain Lesions : Brain Lesion Causes - YouTube

The answer is no, you do not have to have lesions ( plauques) on MRI to have MS. Sometimes the lesions are not visible on MRI at first. And a lot has to do with how strong the MRI machine is. I do not have a definite dx of MS, but I had 10 lesions show up on brain MRI. My dx is ADEM, one of the MS mimics for now In MS, the term lesion refers to an area of damage or scarring (sclerosis) in the central nervous system caused by MS. Lesions are sometimes also called plaques, and are caused by inflammation that results from the immune system attacking the myelin sheath around nerves. An MRI scan can differentiate between active and non-active lesions. Active lesions show up in the scan as white patches.

Understanding Your MRI | MS Living Well

Video: Brain Lesions: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common central nervous system (CNS) disease characterised pathologically by the development of multifocal inflammatory demyelinating white matter lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard imaging technique for the identification of demyelinating lesions which can be used to support a clinical diagnosis of MS, and MS can now be diagnosed in some. Some examples of brain lesions include abscesses, which are caused by infection in the brain, and arteriovenous malformations, clusters of veins which have grown abnormally. Lesions can also be caused by head injuries, strokes, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) An average of 4 (range 2-6) coronal slices was inspected per brain. A total of 478 cortical lesions was identified. Three hundred and seventy-two (76%) showed involvement of the subcortical white matter, 106 (24%) arose exclusively within the cortex

Leave A Reply. deleted_user 10/21/2013. my understanding of lesions on the brainstem are as follows: lesions in the brain can be caused by many things age, smoking, migrains, 'bitten by tic, devics disease & a few other diseases...but lesions on the brainstem are almost a diagnostic in criteria that the lesions are from ms...it makes it more. INTRODUCTION. The pathologic hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS) is multiple focal areas of myelin loss within the CNS called plaques or lesions (Figure 1-1 A-C).1,2 Demyelination is accompanied by variable gliosis and inflammation and by relative axonal preservation (Figure 1-1 D-I).Lesions are disseminated throughout the CNS but have a predilection for optic nerves, subpial spinal cord. The study also found a link between eating more full-fat dairy products and fewer MS brain lesions. Eating omega-3 fatty acids from fish also had brain benefits. RELATED Study: COVID-19 death risk. Many researchers believe that the white matter lesions in MS, migraines and Alzheimer's disease are caused by chronic ishemia. While the lesions are typically found higher up in the brain above the covering over the cerebellum, many of the symptoms associated with MS come from cranial nerves supplied by the vertebral-basilar arteries Conclusions: This trial indicates that SMT-MS may be useful in reducing the development of new MRI brain lesions while patients are in treatment. Classification of evidence: This study provides Class I evidence that SMT-MS, a manualized stress management therapy program, reduced the number of Gd+ lesions in patients with MS during a 24-week.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Spine Lesions: Understanding Attack

MRI scan. An MRI scan is a painless scan that uses strong magnetic fields and radio waves to produce detailed images of the inside of the body. It can show whether there's any damage or scarring of the myelin sheath (the layer surrounding your nerves) in your brain and spinal cord. Finding this can help confirm a diagnosis in most people with MS Brain lesions and MS Brain lesions in general are a sign of damage to the brain, such as physical trauma, a stroke, normal aging or chronic disease. Patients with MS receive MRI scans as part of their routine care so that doctors can track the appearance of new lesions and the enlargement of existing ones, typically seen as indicators of.

Disappearing lesions may actually mean MS is getting worse

MS Lesions How are lesions and MS symptoms related? Where the lesion is located in the central nervous system determines the nature and severity of the symptoms. For example, a lesion on the optic nerve can give rise to a condition called optic neuritis, causing pain and impairment of vision in the corresponding eye (usually temporary) If an MRI scan finds brain lesions like those found in MS, the patient is likely to get an MS diagnosis. If no lesions are found, an MS diagnosis is unlikely. Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) About 85 percent of people with MS are first diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS. In this type, patients have clear attacks of new or worsening symptoms. By Kathleen Doheny HealthDay Reporter. TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Certain types of lesions on the brains of multiple sclerosis patients may help predict the severity of disease progression and the accompanying disability, researchers are reporting. This is a new way to try to understand what is changing in the tissue of the patient's lesions, said lead researcher Dr. Rohit Bakshi.

In their latest study, the NINDS researchers scanned the brains of 192 patients with MS and found that 56% had at least 1 rimmed lesion. They compared the brain scans with the neurological examinations the patients had received when they entered the study, revealing that patients with at least 4 rimmed lesions were 1.6 times more likely to be. As the disease progresses, the outermost layer of the brain, called the cerebral cortex, shrinks (what is known as cortical atrophy). The term multiple sclerosis refers to the distinctive areas of scar tissue (sclerosis—also called plaques or lesions) that result from the attack on myelin by the immune system The various causes of brain lesions on an MRI are brain aneurysm, brain arteriovenous malformation, brain tumor, hydrocephalus, stroke, multiple sclerosis and traumatic brain injury. A strong degree of suspicion needs to be kept for multiple sclerosis.

Tumefactive multiple sclerosis is a condition in which the central nervous system of a person has multiple demyelinating lesions with atypical characteristics for those of standard multiple sclerosis (MS). It is called tumefactive as the lesions are tumor-like and they mimic tumors clinically, radiologically and sometimes pathologically This demyelination and axonal loss leads to the development of MS lesions or plaques mainly in the white matter, but this can also occur in the gray matter. In these lesions, there is a shift from CD4+ T-cells to CD8+ T-cells, thus reinforcing the belief that direct axonal injury is caused by CD8+ T-cells (Garg & Smith, 2015) MS was suspected for years and years but lesions were never found on Brain MRI. A severe case of optic neuritis put me in the hospital and that's when the lesions were finally found. My new neuro said it's not as common but definitely happens The correlation between total brain MR lesion load and cognitive dysfunction might have been stronger if the extent of MS lesions located in the cortical/subcortical areas had been assessed. This assumption is also indirectly confirmed by the presence of a pattern of cognitive impairment similar to that seen in MS in other diseases with an. In 24 MS patients (306 white matter lesions) who underwent 7T MRI of the brain, most lesions were hypointense on R2*. Hyperintense lesions on quantitative susceptibility mapping were more frequent in relapsing-remitting MS than in progressive MS. Hyperintense lesion rims on quantitative susceptibility maps were more common in progressive MS and.

Can I have MS without brain lesions? - Multiple Sclerosis

Brain Lesions Predict MS Progression. Mar. 23 -- TUESDAY, Aug. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Certain types of lesions on the brains of multiple sclerosis patients may help predict the severity of disease. Typically when people think about multiple sclerosis (MS), the brain is usually the focus. It's not uncommon with MS, however, to discover multiple silent brain lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and find a person afflicted with only spinal cord problems due to the disease Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS) - that's the brain and spinal cord. Predominantly, it is a disease of the white matter tissue. The white matter is made up of nerve fibres which are responsible for transmitting communication signals both internally within the CNS and between the CNS and. A community member inquires if it's possible to have multiple sclerosis without having brain or spine lesions. Share your response about MS lesions. Read or ask questions in our MS discussion forums, covering topics such as treatment, unusual symptoms, coping, caregiving, recent research, and more

MS Brain Lesions: What Parts of the Brain are Affected by

A definite diagnosis of MS requires evidence for at least two attacks separated by an interval of time and/or lesions in the brain and spinal cord that indicate previous attacks. If there is only evidence for the current attack, then an individual may receive a diagnosis of clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) Unfortunately it looks like the lesions for MS, Lupus, and Sjogrens could appear similar on an MRI. I found a PubMed abstract about Lupus patients having focal lesions causing neurological symptoms or seizures, and 2 of the patients had gray matter lesions that resolved in 2 to 3 weeks

6 Things to Know About MS Brain Lesions - HealthCentra

Certain Sites of Brain Lesions in MS Tied to Bowel Incontinence. Specific locations of cerebral multiple sclerosis lesions appear to be associated with bowel incontinence, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the Journal of Neuroimaging . Kilian Frohlich, M.D., from the University Hospital Erlangen in Germany, and colleagues used a. Lesions in the brain are more common than spinal lesions. Generally they'll only do a spinal MRI if there aren't lesions in the brain yet a person still have symptoms that indicate MS (or some other problem). The MRI with contrast would show whether lesions are old or new. The regular MRI -- as your doctor noted -- won't make that distinction Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be pathologically defined as the presence of distributed glial scars in the central nervous system that must show dissemination in time (DIT) and in space (DIS) to be considered MS lesions.. The scars that give the name to the condition are produced by the astrocyte cells attempting to heal old lesions. These glial scars are the remnants of previous demyelinating. In MS, lesions arise when white blood cells, having crossed the blood-brain barrier, infiltrate an area and fuel inflammation that strips the fatty myelin insulation from the axon nerve fiber, thus letting additional water in to fill the breach, on top of the fluid of the initial swelling

What Multiple Sclerosis Looks Like in Your Brain

We recently characterized and microdissected 73 lesions from brain of 10 patients progressive MS covering different lesion types: normal-appearing white matter (NAWM), active, chronic active, inactive, and repairing lesions; and as controls, 25 white matter (WM) areas from five brains without neurological disease 10, 16 A team of researchers has shown that in multiple sclerosis, it is not only specific T cells that cause inflammation and lesions in the brain. B cells, a different type of immune cell, also play a. Welcome to the Brain Lesion (BrainLes) workshop, a satellite event of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI) on September 27th, 2021. Scope: Provide an overview of medical image analysis advances in glioma, multiple sclerosis (MS), stroke and trauma brain injuries (TBI).We let researchers from the medical image analysis domain meet.

The Radiology Assistant : Multiple Sclerosis

MS Brainstem Lesions and Their Impact - Verywell Healt

brain lesions, their types, causes, symptoms, and complications. We will also compare brain lesions with lesions occurring in other parts of the body. Brain Lesions. Brain lesions are the areas of damage inside the brain. Brain is the most important organ in the body. It is involved in the processes of judgment, thinking, learning and memory The answer is yes and this is how. An attack also known as a relapse or exacerbation can cause MS symptoms to become worse without new lesions appearing. In order for a doctors to consider it an attack, it has to last over 48 hours and it cannot be the result of a fever, or an infection MR imaging has played an important role in contributing to our understanding of the natural history of multiple sclerosis (MS) in the brain and spinal cord, including its expression as both a focal (plaque) and more diffuse disease affecting normal-appearing white and gray matter, the latter detected by using quantitative MR techniques.1 A set of conventional measures (T2 burden of disease. The Brainstem is the lower part of the brain which is continuous with the spinal cord.It is a common site for multiple sclerosis lesions.The brainstem can be broadly divided into the Midbrain, the Pons and the Medulla Oblongata.All the cranial nerves except the Olfactory Nerve and the Optic Nerve arise in the Brainstem. In general, the brainstem deals with communications between the rest of.

An Uncommon Brainstem Lesion in a Young Patient

A lesion in multiple sclerosis is defined as an area of focal hyperintensity on a T 2-weighted (T 2, T 2-FLAIR or similar) or a proton density (PD)-weighted sequence. Typical multiple sclerosis lesions are round to ovoid in shape and range from a few millimetres to more than one or two centimetres in diameter April 21, 2021—Investigational tolebrutinib is effective at reducing brain lesions on MRI in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), including patients with highly-active disease, according to research presented at the virtual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology, held from April 17 to 22 Brain lesions are obviously a serious concern. Discussing treatment and prognosis with an experienced neurologist (brain doctor) is a must. In general, the ability of a brain lesion to disappear or just shrink depends on the what the lesion is. Infections, tumors or benign masses can all involve the brain